This is a coaches guide to the care and prevention of injuries. The coach is likely be first on the scene when an athlete falls ill or suffers an injury and must be prepared to take action in a medical emergency. Organised for quick reference, Sport First Aid covers procedures for taking emergency action and if necessary providing life support; performing on the spot assessments; administering first aid for bleeding, tissue damage and unstable injuries; moving an injured athlete; and returning athletes to play. Far better than simply treating injuries and illnesses is to prevent them from occurring in the first place and this reference includes strategies for reducing an athlete's risk of injury or illness. These might typically include the establishment of a medical team, the implementation of pre-season conditioning programmes, creating safe playing environments, planning for weather emergencies, enforcing sport skills and safety rules and developing a medical emergency plan.